The Bonanza King Maps, Photos, Illustrations, and Diagrams

Many photos, maps, and mine diagrams enhanced my appreciation and understanding of Virginia City, the Comstock Lode, Nevada, California, San Francisco, New York, and the West in the nineteenth century. Here are some of the most enjoyable and helpful. I’ll add links to photos beneath the maps.

The Comstock Mines:

1870 Atlas at (Atlas Accompanying Volume III on Mining Industry, USGS Geological Exploration of the Fortieth Parallel): An excellent resource of 20 “plates” showing horizontal, longitudinal, and cross sectional views of the Comstock Lode current to about 1869. (Easy to enlarge and navigate)

The Becker Atlas (1882) in the David Rumsey Map Collection (Atlas to accompany the monograph on the geology of the Comstock Lode and Washoe District): Also excellent. Can stand any magnification. These are quite incredible. Navigation rewards the persistent. From south to north:

Comstock Lode, Virginia City and Gold Hill maps:

Maps and other material about New York, California, Nevada, and San Francisco:

Photos and illustrations:

The Comstock Mines, an excellent album of Carlton Watkins photographs, made in 1878 at the height of the bonanza times


Scenes from the Five Points, the New York City slum where John Mackay grew up


Gold Rush illustrations and photographs




Square set timbering diagrams



Two modern contraptions derived from Comstock mining technology



The Bonanza King’s final resting place in Brooklyn’s Green-Wood Cemetery